There are 2 Types of lobster, The “Maine” or “American” lobster and the spiny lobster. The Maine lobster is a cold water crustacean, found primarily off the New England coast. The spiny lobster also known as a “rock lobster” is found in the warmer waters of the Florida and California coasts. While the Maine lobster has large claws the spiny lobster has none.
Lobsters aren’t big travellers. Lobster that dwell closer to shore tend to stay within a mile or so of their original home, but deeper water lobsters are known to move around. The furthest recorded travel is over two hundred miles by a tagged lobster.
Lobsters have an outer skeleton, they grow by “shedding” their old shell when they outgrow it. When they emerge they are extremely soft and absorb water which expands their body size. A lobster will do this twenty to thirty times in its first 6 years of life. They will then weigh approximately 1 pound. Following this, it will molt only once per year increasing it’s body weight nearly forty percent each year!
You’ll need 5 one pound lobsters to yield one pound of cooked lobster meat.
Lobsters aren’t naturally red. In fact lobsters come in about every color other than red. Lobsters are generally brownish with shades of blue and green but bright blue and even orange lobster have been caught thoughthey are extremely rare. Lobsters turn red when they are cooked because the red pigment of the shell is more stable than the others which are destroyed when cooked.
Lobsters are night hunters. They catch their prey with their pincher claw, the more narrow of its two claws. Their diet consists of small fish, crabs, mussels, urchins and even other lobsters. They will also scavenge food that they come across.
Larger female lobsters can lay upwards of sixty thousand eggs. A 1 pound female can carry nearly eight thousand eggs. From every 50,000 eggs only two lobsters are expected to live on to legal size (one pound).
Lobsters are capable of regenerating lost limbs. A lobster can release a claw and knuckle from its body as a defense mechanism. A new one will grow in it’s place.
The record for the largest lobster is for “Big George”. He was caught off the Cape Cod coast in Massachusetts in 1974. He tipped the scales at Thirty-seven and a half pounds and was over 2 feet long.